WINDOWS – The printer driver https://theprinterdriver.com The printer driver Mon, 12 Oct 2020 21:05:36 +0000 fr-FR hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.4.3 The tool to repair Windows 7 startup https://theprinterdriver.com/577-the-tool-to-repair-windows-7-startup https://theprinterdriver.com/577-the-tool-to-repair-windows-7-startup#respond Mon, 12 Oct 2020 21:04:08 +0000 https://theprinterdriver.com/?p=577

Windows 7 does not start anymore? Think about the tool System repair (System Repair) !

 

Startup Repair is a system recovery tool that scans your PC for startup problems and repairs automatically errors that prevent Windows 7 from starting correctly.

This tool is found in System recovery options, accessible from a Windows 7 installation USB key or from the Advanced Startup Options.

Startup Repair can fix startup problems caused by the following problems :

  • Corrupted registry.
  • Missing or damaged system files / drivers.
  • Corrupted MBR, partition table or boot sector.
  • Corrupted file system.
  • Installing problematic or incompatible drivers, service packs, or fixes.
  • BCD (Boot Configuration Data) (store storing boot information) corrupted.
  • Defective memory or hard drive (detection only).

A log file containing diagnostic information and repair results is generated here: C:WindowsSystem32LogfilesSrtSrtTrail.txt.


Here’s how to use the Startup Repair tool to repair Windows 7 startup :

  1. Access to System recovery options Windows 7.
  2. Click on Startup Repair.
  3. Wait for Windows 7 Startup Repair.
  4. If errors are found, click on the button Repair and restart to make repairs and restart your PC.
  5. If no errors were found, you will get the following message: « The system restart tool did not find a problem ». You can click on View diagnostic and repair details for a summary of the actions performed by Boot Recovery. Click on Finish then restart your PC.
  6. After restarting the PC, check if Windows 7 starts correctly.
  7. If Windows 7 still does not start: restart Startup Repair a new time. Sometimes you have to run the tool up to 3 times and restart the PC every time to fix the boot problem.

Congratulations! You repaired Windows 7 startup using the Startup Repair tool. 👍

Yes the boot problem persists, I invite you to follow all the solutions presented in this article:

Repair Windows 7 startup

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Convert MBR disk to GPT on Windows [10, 8, 7] https://theprinterdriver.com/568-convert-mbr-disk-to-gpt-on-windows-10-8-7 https://theprinterdriver.com/568-convert-mbr-disk-to-gpt-on-windows-10-8-7#respond Mon, 12 Oct 2020 20:57:38 +0000 https://theprinterdriver.com/?p=568 This tutorial explains how convert an MBR disk to GPT with or without data loss.

 

 

Why convert MBR disk to GPT?

Converting a disk to GPT is useful in more than one way !

First, using the GPT partitioning table allows you tooverride the limitations now disabling MBR. The GPT format allows you to create up to 128 partitions (instead of 4) and to create partitions of up to 256 TB (instead of 2.2 TB).

And second, the GPT is indispensable if you want to install Windows 7, 8 or 10 and fashion UEFI : Windows in UEFI mode requires that a disk use the GPT partitioning table and no longer the traditional MBR.

To take advantage of all these possibilities, you will need convert your MBR disk to GPT.

That’s good, that’s the subject of this tutorial! 😉

Introduction: Convert a disk to GPT

Until now, the main problem that arose when one wanted to convert MBR disk to GPT is that the disk had to be empty, without partitions. It was therefore impossible to perform the conversion without losing all data of the disc.

But that was before ! With Gptgen and more recently with Microsoft’s MBR2GPT, it is now possible to convert an MBR disk to GPT without data loss.

In this tutorial, I suggest 4 methods to convert your disk to GPT:

  • With MBR2GPT: without data loss.
  • With Gptgen: without data loss.
  • With DiskPart: with data loss.
  • With the Disk Management tool: with data loss.

If you choose a method without data loss, I recommend that you exercise caution and back up your data : copy them to an external medium or create a disc image (disc image = exact copy of a disc saved as an image file).

Finally, note that only the MBR2GPT tool can convert a system disk in use.

Method # 1: with MBR2GPT

i Note : MBR2GPT is only available on Windows 10 v1703 and later versions of Windows 10.

MBR2GPT is a new tool developed by Microsoft that allows you to convert system disks (disks on which Windows is installed) MBR in GPT. It is not possible to convert data discs with this tool.

It is the only tool that can convert system disk in use. In other words, you can use it to convert the disk that Windows 10 booted from and from that same Windows 10.

To know how to use MBR2GPT, follow this guide:

MBR2GPT: Convert MBR disk to GPT without data loss

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Method # 2: with DiskPart

! Attention : all data on the disk will be erased.

Here is how to convert MBR disk to GPT with DiskPart :

  1. Open a Command Prompt. To convert your system drive, open this command prompt from Advanced Reboot Options or a Windows installation USB stick / DVD.
  2. Start DiskPart:
    diskpart
  3. Identify the number disk to convert to GPT:
    list disk
  4. Select the disk to convert to GPT (replace 0 by the number of your disc):
    select disk 0
  5. Display the disc information (to be sure you are not mistaken):
    detail disk
  6. Erase all the contents of the disc:
    clean
  7. Convert the disk in GPT:
    convert gpt
  8. Exit DiskPart:
    exit
  9. If you converted your disk to install Windows on it, you can continue by following this tutorial: install Windows 7, 8 or 10 in UEFI mode.
    how-to-convert-an-mbr-hard-drive-to-gpt-on-windows-10-8-and-7-diskpart-cmd

Congratulations! You have converted your MBR disk to GPT using DiskPart. 👍

Method # 3: with Gptgen

Gptgen is a tool that allows converting MBR disks to GPT without data loss.

advice : if you want to convert your system disk (the one you plan to install Windows on) in GPT to take advantage of the features offered by UEFI, here is what I recommend depending on your situation:

  • To install Windows 10: use the MBR2GPT tool instead, which allows you to convert a system disk lossless of data.
  • To install Windows 7 or 8.1: convert your disk with loss data using Diskpart. This is because Gptgen is not an official tool, so there are chances that the conversion will fail and you will lose your data. It is better to save your data to external media, erase and then convert the disk to GPT to finally install Windows in UEFI mode.

Here is how to convert MBR disk to GPT with Gptgen :

  1. Download Gptgen.
  2. Unzip the archive at the root from your disk (C :).
    how-to-convert-an-mbr-hard-drive-to-gpt-on-windows-10-8-and-7-gptgen-folder
  3. Open a Command Prompt from this folder. To do this, while holding the key Maj ⇧ down, right-click on an empty area and select Open a command window here.
  4. Identify the number disk to convert to GPT:
    diskpart
    list disk
    exit
  5. Convert the disk in GPT (replace 0 by the disc number):
    cd C:gptgen-1.1
    gptgen.exe -w \.physicaldrive0
    Y
  6. Restart your PC for the changes to take effect by Windows.
    how-to-convert-an-mbr-hard-drive-to-gpt-on-windows-10-8-and-7-gptgen-cmd

Congratulations! You have converted your MBR disk to GPT without data loss using Gptgen. 👍

Method # 4: Using the Disk Management Tool

! Attention : all data on your disk will be erased.

  1. Open the tool Disk management :
    • via the Start menu or the Research :
    • via le Quick Link menu :
    • away there Run command : diskmgmt.msc.
  2. Change the display to view the format (MBR or GPT) of the disks: View> Top> Disc List.
  3. Identify the disk to convert to GPT. Here is « Disk 1 ».
  4. Delete all volumes from the disk: right click on each volume> Remove volume.
  5. The disk now has unallocated space.
  6. Convert disk to GPT by right clicking disk> Conversion to GPT disk.
  7. There you have it, the disk has been converted to GPT! All you have to do is create volumes on it to be able to use it.

Congratulations! You have converted your MBR disk to GPT using the Disk Management tool. 👍

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Create a local account when installing Windows 10 (1909 and later) https://theprinterdriver.com/562-create-a-local-account-when-installing-windows-10-1909-and-late https://theprinterdriver.com/562-create-a-local-account-when-installing-windows-10-1909-and-late#respond Mon, 12 Oct 2020 20:41:17 +0000 https://theprinterdriver.com/?p=562 Since Windows 10 1909, it is no longer possible to create a local account when installing Windows 10. Indeed, Microsoft now requires the creation and use of a Microsoft account to log in to Windows 10.

Fortunately, solutions exist to get around this limitation!

In this tutorial we will see how to create a local account instead of a Microsoft account when installing Windows 10.

Preamble: local account vs. Microsoft account

Windows 10 supports two types user account:

  • an account local, which is not connected to any Microsoft online service.
  • an account Microsoft, which is connected to many Microsoft services such as Office 365, OneDrive and provides extended functionalities such as synchronization of settings, downloading of applications through the Microsoft Store …

If you are committed to respecting your privacy, a local user account is preferable. Indeed, by using a Microsoft account, a good amount of your personal data is collected by Microsoft.

Turn off telemetry and tracking on Windows 10

Before Windows 10 1909, it was possible to create a local account when installing Windows 10. An option « Offline account » allowed the use of a local account rather than a Microsoft account:

Before: Windows 10 offers an “Offline account” option

Unfortunately, since Windows 10 1909, this option is masked, making the creation of a local account impossible :

Now: Windows 10 requires the use of a Microsoft account

Only theFamily edition Windows 10 is affected by this change: it no longer has the option « Offline account » to create a local account.

On the other editions (Professional, Company…), it is always possible to create a local account.


To work around this limitation, there are many solutions :

  • Disconnect your computer from the Internet. To do this, unplug the Ethernet cable or do not enter the security key of your Wi-Fi connection when Windows 10 asks you to do so.
  • Enter an incorrect phone number several times. The Windows 10 installer will automatically switch to creating a local account.
  • Create a local account AFTER installing Windows 10 then delete the Microsoft account.
  • Temporarily deactivate the network connection (Ethernet or Wi-Fi) on which the Internet access is located. In the absence of an Internet connection, Windows 10 will then offer you to create a local account. It is this solution that I offer you here! 👍
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Create a local account when installing Windows 10

  1. Run the Windows 10 installation until you get toconfiguration screen. You can achieve this by:
  2. Continue to the screen Sign in with Microsoft. As you can see, there is no longer the option “Offline account”.
  3. Open a Command Prompt by pressing the keys ⇧ Maj + F10.
  4. Open the « Network Connections » window by entering the command control netconnections then Enter.
  5. Disable Internet access by right-clicking on your network connection> Deactivate.

    Internet access is now disabled.

  6. Return to the « Microsoft Account » window by pressing the keys Alt + Tab ↹.
  7. Click on the button following.
  8. The message « An error has occurred (OOBEIDPS) » is displayed. Click on Try again or Ignore.
  9. There you are, you are now on the screen that allows you to create a local account!
  10. Before continuing, reactivate Internet access: do Alt + Tab ↹ to return to the “Network connections” window then reactivate the network connection.
  11. Close the “Network Connections” window.
  12. You can now create your local account and continue installing Windows 10. 👍

Congratulations! You have successfully created a local user account when installing Windows 10 1909 or later. 👍

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delete a user account (6 methods) https://theprinterdriver.com/549-delete-a-user-account-6-methods-le-crabe-info https://theprinterdriver.com/549-delete-a-user-account-6-methods-le-crabe-info#respond Sat, 10 Oct 2020 21:10:15 +0000 https://theprinterdriver.com/?p=549 This tutorial explains how delete a user on Windows 10 thanks to 6 different methods. It doesn’t matter if this user account is a local account or a Microsoft account, the procedure is the same.

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Informations

  • You cannot delete a user account currently logged in. You will need to log out the user first.
  • You must be logged in with an account with the administrator rights to be able to delete a user account.

To delete a user account on Windows 10, you have several options:

N ° 1: via Settings

  1. Open them Settings.
  2. Select Accounts > Family and other users.
  3. Under Other users, click on the user account to delete> Remove.
    4.Click on the button Delete account and data to confirm the deletion of the user account.
  4. There you have it, the user has been deleted!

Congratulations! You deleted a user account on Windows 10 using the Settings. 👍

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N ° 2: via the Control Panel

  1. Open the Control panel :
    • via the Start menu> Windows System> Control Panel.
    • away there Run command : control.
  2. Select User Accounts> Delete user accounts.
  3. Select the user account to delete.
  4. Choose if you want remove or keep files of the user. If you decide to keep them, they will be saved in a folder  » [Nom d’utilisateur] On the Desktop of the currently logged in user account.
  5. Confirm the deletion of the user account by clicking on Delete account.
  6. There you have it, the user has been deleted!

Congratulations! You deleted a user account on Windows 10 using the Control panel. 👍

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N ° 3: via Local Users and Groups

  1. Open the window Local users and groups :
    • away there Run command : lusrmgr.msc.
    • via Control Panel> Administrative Tools> Computer Management> Local Users and Groups.
  2. Open the folder Users.
  3. Right click on the user account to delete> Remove.
  4. Confirm the deletion of the user by clicking on Yes.
  5. There you have it, the user has been deleted!

Congratulations! You deleted a user account on Windows 10 using the window Local users and groups. 👍

N ° 4: with netplwiz

  1. Open Network Places Wizard aka. netplwiz :
    • away there Run command : netplwiz.
  2. Check the box Users must enter a username and password to use this computer if it is not done yet.
  3. Select the user to delete then click on the button Remove.
  4. Confirm the deletion of the user account.
  5. There you have it, the user has been deleted!

Congratulations! You deleted a user account on Windows 10 using netplwiz. 👍

# 5: with the command prompt

  1. Open a Command Prompt as administrator.
  2. View all user accounts on the system:
    net users
    
    comptes d’utilisateurs de \DESKTOP-OUDNFT2
    -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Administrateur           DefaultAccount           Invité
    La Langouste             Le Crabe                 WDAGUtilityAccount
  3. Delete the user account by entering its last name (eg: « La Langouste »):
    net user "Nom d'utilisateur" /delete
  4. There you have it, the user has been deleted!

Congratulations! You deleted a user account on Windows 10 using theCommand Prompt. 👍

# 6: with PowerShell

  1. Open PowerShell as administrator.
  2. View all user accounts on the system:
    Get-LocalUser
    
    Name               Enabled Description
    ----               ------- -----------
    Administrateur     False   Compte d’utilisateur d’administration
    DefaultAccount     False   Compte utilisateur géré par le système.
    Invité             False   Compte d’utilisateur invité
    La Langouste       True
    Le Crabe           True
    WDAGUtilityAccount False   Compte d’utilisateur géré et utilisé par le système pour les scénarios Windows Defender A...
  3. Delete the user account by entering its last name (eg: « La Langouste »):
    Remove-LocalUser -Name "Nom d'utilisateur"
  4. There you have it, the user has been deleted!

Congratulations! You deleted a user account on Windows 10 using PowerShell. 👍

Useful links

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automatic connection (without password) at startup https://theprinterdriver.com/546-automatic-connection-without-password-at-startup-le-crabe-info https://theprinterdriver.com/546-automatic-connection-without-password-at-startup-le-crabe-info#respond Sat, 10 Oct 2020 20:45:33 +0000 https://theprinterdriver.com/?p=546

This tutorial explains how you connect automatically to Windows 10 without password.

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By default, to log into Windows 10, you must close the lock screen and then enter your user account password on the login screen. By following this tutorial, you will remove / delete the mandatory entry of the password for your user account. Your session will then open automatically when Windows 10 starts.

Informations

  • You must be logged in with an account with the administrator rights to be able to configure the automatic connection of a user.
  • If you change password user account used for automatic login, you will need to repeat the steps below using the new password.
  • If you configure Windows to automatically sign in to a user account, and if you then change the computer name, you will see an “Other User” account attempting to login without success. You will then have to manually select your user account and then log in. For your account to automatically reconnect when Windows 10 starts, you will need to repeat the steps below.

Configure automatic connection when Windows 10 starts

To sign in to Windows 10 without password, follow these steps:

  1. Open Network Places Wizard aka. netplwiz :
    • away there Run command : netplwiz or control userpasswords2.
  2. Tick the “Users must enter a username and password to use this computer” box.

    i Note : if you have activated thepassword-less authentication with Windows Hello (face recognition, fingerprint recognition or PIN code), you will not see the box « Users must enter a username and password to use this computer. »

  3. Select the username the account to automatically log in when Windows 10 starts.
  4. Uncheck the “Users must enter a username and password to use this computer” box.
  5. Push the button OK.
  6. Enter the password for the user account twice and click OK.
  7. That’s it, Windows 10 is now configured to automatically log in the user account you selected!

Congratulations! You have enabled automatic login for a user account on Windows 10 via netplwiz. 👍

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Useful links

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Troubleshoot sihost.exe unknown hard error https://theprinterdriver.com/537-troubleshoot-sihost-exe-unknown-hard-error https://theprinterdriver.com/537-troubleshoot-sihost-exe-unknown-hard-error#respond Sun, 04 Oct 2020 22:17:54 +0000 https://theprinterdriver.com/?p=537

After an update to Windows 10, the user session has difficulty starting.
Errors sihost.exe unknown hard error are displayed which prevents the operation of Windows 10.

This article helps you resolve these sihost.exe unknown hard error errors

Troubleshoot sihost.exe unknown hard error

This could be the result of a Windows 10 update that went wrong.
To solve this, you will have to try:

  • repair windows 10, you do not lose installed applications or your documents. This repair is a bit more complicated to follow, since you don’t have access to much on the desktop, as a lot of Windows components are crashing.
  • to reset Windows 10 (simpler) or completely reinstall Windows 10 (Part of workarounds). In both of these cases you will NOT lose your documents, they will be moved to the Windows.old folder. On the other hand, you will have to reinstall your software and games and re-configure them.

The following paragraphs explain how to do this.

Create a new administrator user and repair Windows 10.

To overcome sihost.exe unknown hard error, we can try to repair Windows 10.
As you probably don’t have access to much because of these errors and the internet is not working.
You will probably need to create installation media from another computer.

Try to create a new Windows user.
The goal is to check if from this new user, the sihost.exe error no longer appears.

To create a new administrator user, follow the following article with the netwpliz command: how to create a new user on Windows 10.
Add this user to the administrator group so that the latter is administrator.
Then identify yourself on this new user.

Do Windows 10 Repair Without Data Loss: How To Fix Windows 10 Without Data Loss
The principle is to download the ISO file of Windows 10 and launch the setup.exe
If on the planted computer, the internet is not functional, you must create a USB key from another computer.
You just have to insert the USB key into the planted computer and launch the setup.exe

If the setup.exe from the Windows 10 disk does not start due to explorer.exe errors (Hard error etc).
Try to run the setup.exe like this:

  • Launch Windows Notepad from the Start menu> Windows Accessory> Notepad
  • On the notepad, click on the open menu then open the Windows 10 disc.
  • At the bottom right, position on « all files *Troubleshoot sihost.exe unknown hard error.* »
  • Right click on setup.exe then run as administrator.

Troubleshoot sihost.exe unknown hard error

After repairing Windows 10, you should be able to use Windows 10 again.

And if nothing really works, you will have to reset Windows 10 or reinstall it.

Reset Windows 10

You can then try to reset Windows 10.

Start on advanced system recovery options by method 1 from this page: Windows advanced recovery options.
The principle is to restart on the page where you are asked for the password, with the icon at the bottom right and while holding the shift key.

If you do NOT get to the window where Windows asks for passwords, because blocking or crashing before …
Turn off the computer twice while Windows is loading.
It will be repaired which will also give access to advanced system recovery options.

From Troubleshoot you can then try to Reset Windows 10 (this keeps the data but removes the applications).

Reinstall Windows 10

Finally, if nothing works, you can reinstall Windows 10 from scratch.
The goal here is above all not to FORMAT during the process so as not to lose your documents and files.
On the other hand, the applications will be deleted, they will have to be reinstalled.
After reinstalling Windows 10, the documents will be in the Windows.old folder.

To do this, use our tutorial which details the entire Windows 10 installation process: How to install Windows 10

The steps to install Windows 10 are roughly:

  1. Create Windows 10 installation media from a working computer.
  2. Boot the computer to the installation media
  3. Accept the license agreement
  4. On the installation type page, choose Customize: install Windows onlyReinstall Windows 10 without losing data
  5. During the Windows 10 installation process, select the primary partition to reinstall Windows on it, you can either:
    • format partition to delete all data and start from scratch
    • Install a new Windows on top of it, your old data will be moved to the Windows.old folder and so you don’t lose any data.Reinstall Windows 10 without losing data
    • Reinstall Windows 10 without losing data

To prevent future problems in the future, whether software or hardware.
You are advised to make backups of your documents: Windows 8/10: save your personal documents

Note that it is also possible to back up Windows with your applications, in order to be able, in the event of a crash, as is the case, to put everything back in 15 minutes.
The principle is to create a system image.
For more information, read our file: How to create a Windows system image

Our links and articles on backups: Backups on Windows.

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